The development of a valid examination for the IC&RC credentialing process begins with a clear and concise definition of the knowledge, skills, and abilities needed for competent job performance. Using interviews, surveys, observation, and group discussions, IC&RC works with experts in the fields of prevention, substance use treatment, co-occurring disorders, and recovery to delineate critical job components. The knowledge and skill bases used in actual practice are gathered into the Job Analysis (JA) document, then the examination questions are derived from the JA.
Examination questions are then written by certified individuals and other professionals who are considered Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) in their field. SMEs come from around the world to be trained in item writing best practices. They are assisted by IC&RC’s professional testing company through the entire item writing process. Every examination item then undergoes a three-tiered review process to ensure quality and accuracy prior to becoming a scored item on an IC&RC examination.
Since 2008, IC&RC has relied on Schroeder Measurement Technologies (SMT) to administer its credential examinations. SMT offers a full range of test administration services, including computer-based testing, web-based testing, paper & pencil testing, candidate processing, recertification tracking and other related services. SMT administers examinations each year in over 40 professional categories and processes over 100,000 examinations per year.
In September 2009, IC&RC administered it first computer-based exams, and since then, more than 16,733 candidates have successfully used the system.
At the 2010 Annual Meeting of IC&RC, held in Scottsdale, Arizona, USA, the Board of Directors voted to institute on-demand Computer-Based Testing (CBT) starting on January 1, 2011. The option to test nearly every day of the year, at sites around the world, offers tremendous benefits to candidates - moving them more quickly to certification and filling the growing need for professionals.
In addition, CBT allows much higher levels of psychometric assessment of how individual questions perform in predicting success, as well as offering additional security measures.
Computer-based testing is administered through a division of SMT called ISO-Quality Testing, Inc. (IQT), which provides secure, user-friendly, high-quality, reasonably-priced computerized examination delivery services to credentialing bodies at available secure and monitored locations around the world.